Closed-pipe supply chain emerged as a response to the growing awareness on conflict minerals from the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). While it encounters challenges in implementation, it has a potential for conflict prevention and peacebuilding.
Dr Michael Nest has expertise in political and social issues around mining. He is also an anti-corruption expert and formerly worked for the Independent Commission Against Corruption in Sydney, Australia. […]
For decades, national and international actors have used Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) programs for combatants as standardized key elements of peace operations, but these programs are not without their […]